Black and Latino Rising Poverty Rates, Dropping Median Pay Are Strongly Linked

Two of every five black Iowans didn’t always live in poverty. In the 1970 and 1980 censuses, for example, their poverty rate was 28 percent. It jumped to 37 percent in 1990, and was at 32 percent at the turn of this century in 2000. But the 2010 census showed 43 percent of black Iowans living in poverty – 7 percentage points from being half of the state’s black residents. The poverty rate for white Iowans, meanwhile, dropped from one in four in 1960 to one in 10 in 1970 through the 2010 census.